Official Name: Federal Republic of Nigeria.

Short Form: Nigeria.

Citizen(s): Nigerian(s).

Official Language: English

Money: Naira and kobo

Location:West Africa

Neighbouring Countries: Cameroun, Niger republic, Tchad Republic and Benin Republic.

Capital:
Abuja has been the capital of Nigeria since December 12, 1991. Previously, the capital was Lagos and it is still the economic/commercial capital.

Major Cities:
The most populous cities in Nigeria are Lagos (12 million), Ibadan (5 million), Abuja (2 million), Calabar, Kano (1 million), Enugu (500,000),Benin, Kaduna, Port-harcout, Aba.

Independence:
Nigeria achieved independence from the United Kingdom on October 1, 1960 and became a republic in 1963.

Natural resources: Petroleum, tin,iron ore, coal, limestone,lead zinc, natural gas,columbite, yam, mazie, cassava, cocoyam, cocoa, palm-kernel, groundnut, cotton, rice, beans.

Ruling Party: People Democratic Party (PDP)

Tourist Attraction: Obudu cattle ranch-Calabar, Aso rock, Sheri hills

Senate President: Senator David Mark

Deputy Senate President:Senator. Ike. Ekweremadu

Speaker of the House: Hon. Aminu Tambuwal

Deputy Speakerof the House: Hon. Chukwuemeka N. Ihedioha

Transformation Agenda: The Transformation Agenda itself is focused on three key areas which include strong, inclusive and non-inflationary growth; employment generation and poverty alleviation and value re-orientation of the citizenry. Using thirteen key sectors as the spring board. Nigerians are very optimistic going by the way the President is competently handling the entire programme that by the year 2020 Nigerian will become one of the 20 most developed ecomonies in the world.

List of Ministers

Public Holidays:
A national holiday commemorating independence is celebrated on
October 1. Other holidays are New Year’s (January 1),
Eid al Kabir (Feast of the Sacrifice—movable date based on the Islamic calendar),
Eid al Maulud (Birth of the Prophet—movable date based on the Islamic calendar),
Easter (movable date in March or April),
Workers’ Day (May 1),
Democracy Day (May 29)
Eid al Fitr (End of Ramadan—movable date based on the Islamic calendar),
Christmas (December 25), and
Boxing Day (December 26).

Structure of the Nigerian Government

The Federal Republic of Nigeria is governed in accordance with the provisions of a Constitution. The most recent came into being in May, 1999, when the then out-going military Head of State, General Abdulsalami Abubakar promulgated a Decree recognising the new body of laws as the country's supreme document. The new Constitution is based essentially on the report of a Committee which had collated the views expressed by Nigerians on the 1995 Draft Constitution, although that report was amended by the military government's Provisional Ruling Council. Nevertheless, the 1999 Constitution is, in many respects, also similar to the 1979 Constitution.

Significantly, the Constitution affirms that Nigeria is one indivisible and indissoluble sovereign state, whose constituent units are bound together by a Federal arrangement. It provides for a presidential system of government in which there is an Executive, a Legislature and a Judiciary, with each acting as a check and balance on the powers of the other two arms. The Constitution further provides for the operation of three tiers of government, at the Federal, State and Local levels. These provisions are binding on all authorities and persons throughout the Federation.

Administrative Divisions:
Nigeria is divided administratively into the Federal Capital Territory (Abuja) and 36 states,(view states and capital) which are organized into the following six zones:
South-West Zone—Lagos, Ekiti, Ogun, Ondo, Oshun, and Oyo;
South-South Zone—Akwa Ibom, Bayelsa, Cross River, Delta, Edo, and Rivers;
South-East Zone—Abia, Anambra, Ebonyi, Enugu, and Imo;
North-West Zone—Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Jigawa, Kebbi, Sokoto, and Zamfara;
North-Central Zone—Benue, Kogi, Kwara, Nassarawa, Niger, and Plateau; and
North-East Zone—Adamawa, Bauchi, Borno, Gombe, Taraba, and Yobe.

Foreign Relations:
Nigeria’s foreign policy revolves primarily around African affairs and emphasizes political and economic cooperation, peaceful dispute resolution, and global nonalignment. Regionally, Nigeria pursues tariff harmonization and the long-term goal of a customs union via the Economic Community of West African States, which it was instrumental in founding. Nigeria is also active in the New Partnership for Africa’s Development, which seeks to improve economic conditions in Africa by eliminating trade barriers to exports and attracting investment and development aid. Since mid-1998, Nigeria’s relations with the United States have improved steadily in accordance with Nigeria’s transition from military rule to democracy. Nigeria has also supported the United States-led war on terrorism. In March 2006, Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo met with President George W. Bush in Washington, DC, to discuss the U.S.-Nigerian relationship. With a touch of drama immediately before the meeting, Nigeria turned over the exiled former Liberian leader Charles Taylor to a United Nations court in Sierra Leone to face allegations of war crimes.

Membership in International Organizations:
Nigeria belongs to the following international organizations: African, Caribbean, and Pacific Group of States; African Development Bank; African Union; Commonwealth; Economic Community of West African States; Food and Agriculture Organization; Group of 15; Group of 24; Group of 77; International Atomic Energy Agency; International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank); International Chamber of Commerce; International Civil Aviation Organization; International Confederation of Free Trade Unions; International Criminal Court; International Criminal Police Organization; International Development Association; International Finance Corporation; International Fund for Agricultural Development; International Hydrographic Organization; International Labor Organization; International Olympic Committee; International Maritime Organization; International Monetary Fund; International Organization for Migration; International Organization for Standardization; International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement; International Telecommunication Union; Multilateral Investment Geographic Agency; Nonaligned Movement; Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons; Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries; Permanent Court of Arbitration; United Nations; Universal Postal Union; World Customs Organization; World Federation of Trade Unions; World Health Organization; World Intellectual Property Organization; World Meteorological Organization; World Tourism Organization; and World Trade Organization.

Nigerian Newspaper
Some Nigerian newspaper include The Sun, Punch, Thisday, Guardian, Vanguard, Tribune.

Nigerian Television Stations
Some Nigerian television station include: Nigerian Television Authority(NTA), African Indepentent Television(AIT), Channels, Silverbird.